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Showing posts from February 7, 2017

Understanding Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)


"Gastro-" refers to the stomach. "Oesophageal" refers to the oesophagus, or feeding tube, that connects the mouth to the stomach. "Reflux" refers to backflow. Gastroesophageal Reflux hence refers to backflow of stomach contents into the oesophagus.

GERD is a disorder where patients suffer from sensations of heartburn and acid indigestion and sometimes is confused with chest pain due to cardiac causes. GERD occurs when the lower oesophageal sphincter does not close properly after food has entered the stomach, resulting in a backflow of stomach contents up the oesophagus.


Food normally swallowed passes into the stomach via the oesophagus. Upon entering the stomach, the lower oesophageal sphincter (ring of muscle) closes, thereby preventing stomach contents from backflowing back into the oesophagus while the stomach digests and churns the food.

GERD happens when the lower oesophageal sphincter fails to close properly and reflux of stomach cont…

Why Is Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy Gaining Popularity?

Bio identical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) is a form of therapy that is used to attain an optimum level of hormones in the human body. While BHRT is mainly confined to the United States, there is a significant level of interest directed towards it. What this form of therapy is believed to achieve is to improve the overall hormone levels in the body. Bio identical hormone replacement therapy has garnered interest particularly with women as they are convinced that it helps them during menopause, making them feel stronger and revitalised. BHRT has gained popularity as a number of American women are of the opinion that conventional hormone replacement therapy has several side effects that could be life-threatening.

Bio identical hormone replacement therapy has numerous benefits especially for women as it is believed to prevent the occurrence of a number of chronic diseases that develop with age. Bio identical hormones are made from plant chemicals and share a similar molecular struct…

Eye Floaters Need to Be Evaluated

If you experience floaters around one or both of your eyes, don't ignore it and don't just live with it. Get to the core of what the problem is so it can be resolved. You don't want to allow it to get worse and permanently damage your vision. You may notice those small spots when you look outside in the bright sunlight. You may notice them when you look at blank paper.

For the most part, floaters will be annoying but they aren't going to hinder your overall vision. However, they can cast shadows in areas of your vision and that can make you feel like you don't focus as well as you used to. This is usually only the case if you have large sized floaters. You may notice they seem worse in certain types of lighting.

Consult with a Professional
It is a good idea to consult with a professional if you have floaters. If you haven't been in for an eye exam recently, you need to do so. They are often the result of collagen that gets into the back area of your eye. They tend…

Skin Conditions and Eczema

The term "Eczema" refer to the group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema.

An estimated 10% to 20% of infants and about 3% of adults and children in the U.S are afflicted with eczema. Infants that develop eczema usually outgrow the condition by ten years of age. However, some individuals continue to be symptomatic throughout life.


Eczema causes itch that might be experienced globally all over the body.

Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened, or scaly. In fair-skinned people, these areas may initially appear reddish and then turn brownish in colour. Among darker-skinned people, eczema can affect pigmentation, making the affected areas lighter or darker.

In infants, the itchy rash can produce an oozing, crusting condition that often erupts on the face and scalp, though eczematous patches may appear anywhere.


Causes of eczema are unknown, but …

Model the Process

Cooking is a process that involves specific, orderly steps with well-defined inputs. For some recipes slight variations are allowed but the basic steps and ingredients must be maintained for a good product. For instance, when my wife makes a marinara sauce, she uses crushed tomatoes, salt, onions, garlic, basil, red wine, fennel and parsley. I, on the other hand, use the same ingredients except the fennel but add a bit of sugar and oregano. The steps in making it are the same for both of us: brown the garlic and onion in olive oil and then add the rest of the ingredients and simmer for about a half hour to an hour.

In business, manufacturing and service industries such as healthcare most activities are performed with well-defined processes. In manufacturing there is no room for variation in order to produce a best quality product. In service industries, there may be some variations as in the slight variations of making marinara but the best outcomes are achieved if each task is perform…

Voice of the Patient

Can you imagine having a farmers supply store in downtown San Francisco? It seems highly unlikely to me. There would be few sales. Having such a store there is an example of a business out of touch with its market. To be successful, businesses must supply the right product or services to the right customer in the right place and at the right time.

Should healthcare providers worry about such? Do they need to focus on the customer, the patient? While location is important for providers, does the delivery of services matter? After all, healthcare providers provide a service that is universally needed.

It so happens that the way services are provided makes a difference. With the right services provided in the right way providers will reap many benefits, including patient loyalty, better outcomes for the patient and better income for the practice. I believe that we can all agree that better patient engagement is one of the key factors to better health outcomes. But there is more than engage…

Paleohacks Cookbook Recipe Review

Are you in search of recipes that promote fat burning and weight loss? Are you in need of a comprehensive guide rich in paleo recipes? The Paleohacks cookbook recipe is one of the simplest and most comprehensive guides when it comes to easy paleo recipes. The idea at the back of paleo weight loss program is pinned on what our predecessors used to eat which consisted mainly of meat. Research into the past lifestyle of our predecessors revealed the lack of modern diseases like obesity, heart attack and diabetes among others. By replicating the same lifestyle, users can finally lead a healthy lifestyle which is what every single person wants.

If you are looking for the best paleo diet guide that will impart a healthier and more fulfilling life, then you need to know about the Paleohacks cookbook recipe.

This is an eBook that teaches you how to prepare a wide variety of Paleo diet meals which are geared towards healthy living and weight loss. As a comprehensive guide, it covers a wide range…

What Is Type 2 Diabetes And How To Manage It

Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose in your blood.


Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, facilitates the movement of glucose absorbed from food in blood into cells.

Patients with Type II diabetes have insulin resistance and the normal metabolism involving insulin becomes disrupted..

In the initial phase, the pancreas will compensate by making more insulin to maintain normal metabolism but eventually, due to inadequate compensation, sugar will build up in the blood.

Causes of type 2 diabetes include:

Genes. Certain individuals have a genetic predisposition to develop type 2 diabetes

Obesity. Obesity causes insulin resistance.

Metabolic syndrome. People with insulin resistance often have a group of conditions including high blood glucose, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.

Hepatic Causes. Liver abnormalities can cause abnormally high blood sugars

Abnormal beta cells. Abnormal pancreatic …

What Is Thalassaemia?

Thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder caused by a genetic defect. The condition causes the body to produce abnormal haemoglobin in red blood cells, which in turn causes anaemia.

Haemoglobin within red blood cells is important because it is the primary molecule that carries oxygen around the body. Hence, the lack of functional haemoglobin causes a malfunction in oxygen carrying capability.

Types of thalassaemia

There are two types of thalassaemia: Alpha thalassaemia and Beta thalassaemia.

Patients with Alpha thalassaemia carrying one faulty gene will experience no observable effect. Patients with two faulty genes experience mild anaemia. Patients with three faulty genes will result in chronic anaemia requiring regular blood transfusions. Four faulty genes are incompatible with life.

Patients with Beta thalassaemia can be divided into several forms. Beta thalassaemia major, also called BTM, requires regular blood transfusions and is the most serious. Beta thalassaemia intermedia, also …

What Is Roseola?

Roseola, a common infection affecting children less than 2 years of age, is a mild infection characterised by fever, rash, and generalized irritability in infants.

Two common strains of herpes virus cause roseola. Duration of disease can last beyond a week in some cases.

Roseola typically isn't serious. However, in some cases, uncontrolled high fevers can result in complications.

Treatment of roseola includes bed rest, fluids and anti-pyretic medications.


Roseola can be dormant in the child up to a week or 10 days. Once the disease erupts, the symptoms include:

Fever. Roseola typically starts with a sudden, high fever greater than 39.4 C. Other symptoms experienced include a sore throat, runny nose or cough. Swollen lymph nodes can also occur. The fever usually lasts 3-5 days.

Rash. Once the fever subsides, a rash typically appears - but not always. The rash consists of many small pink spots or patches, are generally flat, and usually has a global distribution all over the body.…